HELP JOURNAL EDITORS HELP YOU: FIVE TOP TIPS FROM EYE & CONTACT LENS给科研工作者的 5 大技巧：帮助编辑也是帮助你自己 | Author Resource Review|
Author:Terry Monahan, MA ; Managing Editor, Eye & Contact Lens
Academic editors and reviewers love their work, or they wouldn’t volunteer their skills toward improving the scholarly literature. But as time-pressured professionals with multiple priorities, they can be instantly turned off by a poorly written or executed manuscript. Do you want to run the risk that a turnoff becomes bias, and that the editors won’t work with your manuscript further? Many journals won’t bother.
At Eye & Contact Lens we actively recruit young researchers and post-doctoral students who often need some guidance to get their manuscripts under way. It can take as many as three communications containing itemized instructions before one of these manuscripts makes it to peer review. But if they’re patient, authors can get a lot out of this effort, and we at the journal think it’s worth it because the peer review process goes more smoothly for everyone. Regardless of whether the manuscript is ultimately accepted, the next submission will be much better. The up-front work pays off in the end by expanding our author pool and improving submissions.
在《Eye & Contact Lens》，我们积极招募年轻研究人员和博士后学生，这些人在发表论文上通常需要一些指引。在这些论文中，在有任何一篇进入同行评审前，有可能需要多至三次包含详细列表指南的沟通。但如果他们有足够的耐性，科研作者能从这个过程中学到很多，而我们期刊方认为这是值得的，因为同行评审对每个人来说都会更顺畅。不管论文最后是否被接受，下一次的投稿会更好。前期付出的努力将在最后获得回报，我们会有更大的作者群体和质量更好的投稿。
That said, it doesn’t always work this way. Authors who repeatedly ignore at submission our Information for Authors or our requests to reformat (or rewrite, proofread, or edit for clarity) become familiar to the editors and they take on a kind of blinking quality in the editors’ inbox: invest no more time here. It’s best to get the editors on your side from the start.
Following are a few tips that can guarantee a publishing experience with minimal bumps:
1. Get the English right
It should go without saying that any submission to an English-language journal should be in carefully written, punctuated, and proofread English. If the authors are not native English speakers, they should take it on faith that their manuscript must undergo review and possible revision by a native English speaker, a professional English language editor, or an English editing service prior to initial submission. Journal editors may perceive that the content is good but the language is opaque, and thus may triage the manuscript right out the door.
2. Sell yourself
Journal editors want to know why your submission is significant. What is unique about your study or perspective? Is it clear in your cover letter and in the introduction? If your topic is esoteric, say so, but explain its relevance further. If it’s novel and applicable in a clinical journal, state the reasons explicitly. The editors may reject a manuscript because they perceive it is not new or novel, but what if they’re wrong? Invest as much thought in your cover letter and introduction as you do in the rest of your manuscript.
期刊编辑想知道你的投稿何以重要？你的研究或观点有什么特别的？你的投稿信 (cover letter) 或前言章节清楚吗？如果你的主题很深奥，就直说，然后进一步说明相关性。如果是创新且可以运用在临床期刊的研究，明确说出原因。编辑可能会因为他们认为这不够新颖或创新而拒绝稿件，但如果他们错了呢？花时间思索投稿信和前言章节要怎么写，就像你投入在论文其他部分的心力一般。
3. Guarantee that the editors read your manuscript
Journals provide authors detailed information on the scope, topics, and types of articles they welcome, and step-by-step instructions on manuscript preparation. An arresting title and keywords that demonstrate the manuscript’s relevance to the journal will attract the editors, but they can spot a thoughtlessly prepared manuscript even before they’ve read it; improper reference formatting, for example, is a quick tip-off. Authors risk a swift rejection by failing to respect the journal’s requirements.
Treat the Instructions for Authors as a guide for preparing a manuscript and a final checklist before you submit, and feel free to call or email the managing editor for speedy resolution to any problems. Contact information for the managing editor is listed in the Information for Authors on the journal’s submission page.
4. Beware self-plagiarism
While plagiarism is widely understood as the presentation of another’s work as if it were yours, self-plagiarism is often poorly understood and likewise can be considered academic misconduct.
According to a white paper from iThenticate, the plagiarism-prevention software program used by many scholarly journals (including Eye & Contact Lens), “self-plagiarism is defined as a type of plagiarism in which the writer republishes a work in its entirety or reuses portions of a previously written text while authoring a new work.”1 In short, the authors are “plagiarizing” themselves. The issue arises from copyright law protecting the original work, as well as the authors’ guarantees to the publishers that original and subsequent works are not previously published.
根据许多学术期刊（包含《Eye & Contact Lens》）采用的预防抄袭的软件 iThenticate 的白皮书：「自我抄袭是抄袭的一种，作者新发表的工作中使用了全部或重复使用部分先前的内容。」简单来说，就是作者“抄袭”了自己。这个问题来自于保护原始工作的版权法，还有科研作者向出版社保证这是尚未发表的原创或后续工作。
The subject is thorny and rife with conflict over the location of the line between quoting portions of previously published works acceptably, and infringing on a publisher’s copyright by borrowing too much. It doesn’t help that clarity is elusive and the conversation is ongoing; publishers and editors themselves disagree on how much text is acceptable to appropriate. But authors would do well to limit references to their previous works and quote them carefully; publishers use plagiarism-prevention software to catch text that matches too much of a previously published work—whether or not it’s yours. Avoid rejection by taking care to prepare your manuscript accordingly.
For more information on plagiarism and self-plagiarism, see the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) website, an excellent, searchable resource for authors and editors alike. For suggestions on text reuse limits and subsequent authorship, see the Chicago Manual of Style.
如果想要了解更多剽窃和自我抄袭的信息，可以参考发表道德委员会(Committee on Publication Ethics, COPE) 的网站，这是一个对科研作者和期刊编辑来说很棒而且能找到的资源。对于重复使用内容限制或是后续着作相关的指南，可以参考芝加哥风格指南 (Chicago Manual of Style)。
5. Carefully address each reviewer’s comments
The peer review process is a rich source of information on how best to conduct a study, demonstrate its findings, and explain them so their significance is clear and will generate attention in the academic literature. Editors will not enter a manuscript into peer review unless they already feel it has merit, and they choose reviewers whose knowledge and capacity for thoughtful review are proven.
When you receive a manuscript for revision, take care to clearly address each comment in the Response to Reviewers, identify what and where any changes have been made in the revision, and highlight them in the text. The easier you make it for editors to review and trust your work, the more likely your manuscript will breeze through review and be accepted without further revision.
当你收到修稿要求，要小心在 Response to Reviewers 中回应每一个意见，指出论文中在哪里做了什么样的修改，并标示出来。让编辑能轻松地进行审查，相信你的工作，论文能通过评审、不再修改就接受的机会越高。
The bottom line is, anything you can do to attract editors, respect their labors by carefully preparing your manuscript, and take to heart the suggestions and criticisms of peer reviewers will smooth the way to acceptance—and a publication you can be proud of.
ReferenceThe ethics of self-plagiarism. 2011. http://www.ithenticate.com/hs-fs ... ism-whitepaper.pdf.? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?